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Engel's law on wiki  

2016-02-22 11:31:11|  分类: 教育哲学edu phil |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Engel's law

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
According to Engel's law, the share of income spent on food decreases, even as total food expenditure rises

Engel's law is an observation in economics stating that as income rises, the proportion of income spent on food falls, even if actual expenditure on food rises. In other words, the income elasticity of demand of food is between 0 and 1.

The law was named after the statistician Ernst Engel (1821–1896).

Engel's law doesn't imply that food spending remains unchanged as income increases: It suggests that consumers increase their expenditures for food products (in % terms) less than their increases in income.[1][2]

One application of this statistic is treating it as a reflection of the living standard of a country. As this proportion or "Engel coefficient" increases, the country is by nature poorer, conversely a low Engel coefficient indicates a higher standard of living.

The interaction between Engel's law, technological progress and the process of structural change is crucial for explaining long term economic growth as suggested by Leon,[3] and Pasinetti.[4]

See also

References

  1. Jump up^ te style="font-style: inherit; word-wrap: break-word;" >Engel, Ernst (1857). "Die Productions- und Consumtionsverh?ltnisse des K?nigreichs Sachsen".Zeitschrift des statistischen Bureaus des K?niglich S?chsischen Ministerium des Inneren 8–9: 28–29.... je aermer eine Familie ist, einen desto groesseren Antheil von der Gesamtausgabe muss zur Beschaffung der Nahrung aufgewendet werden ...te>
  2. Jump up^ See te style="font-style: inherit; word-wrap: break-word;" >Timmer, C. P.; Falcon, W. P.; Pearson, S. R. (1983). Food policy Analysis. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 43. ISBN 0-8018-3072-9.te>
  3. Jump up^ te style="font-style: inherit; word-wrap: break-word;" >Leon, P. (1967). Structural Change and Growth in Capitalism. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins.te>
  4. Jump up^ te style="font-style: inherit; word-wrap: break-word;" >Pasinetti, L. (1981). Structural Change and Economic Growth: a Theoretical essay on the dynamics of the wealth of nations. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-23607-X.te>
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