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有时我喜欢安静,有时我喜欢热闹。 有时我喜欢加入人群,有时我喜欢远离他们,独自呆着。 冬天我渴望阳光,夏天我盼望下雪。 春去秋来,不变的是我的学术信仰、志向和兴趣。一直思考着:什么是语用?为什么要研究语用?怎样研究语用?研究语用需要具备哪些素质?谁在研究语用?语用研究的走势如何?存在哪些问题?等等。 我深信“宁静”方可“致远”的道理,努力走向这种境界。 求学、求真的路上,深深领悟到过程决定结果,过程大于结果,远远大于结果。

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how to use the word "brain"?   

2016-02-02 03:11:35|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Let’s Play The Brain Game We all know what a brain is. A doctor will tell you that the brain is the organ of the body in the head. It controls our body’s functions, movements, sensations, emotions and thoughts. But a brain can mean so much more. A brain can also simply be a smartperson. If a person is called brainy, she is smart and intelligent. If a family has manychildren but one of them is super smart, you could say, “She’s the brains in the family.” And if you are the brains behindsomething you are responsible for developing or organizing something. For example, Bill Gates is the brains behindMicrosoft. A brain trust is a group of experts whogive advice. Word experts say the phrase“brain trust” became popular whenFranklin D. Roosevelt first ran for president in 1932. Several professorsgave him advice on social and politicalissues facing the U.S. These professorswere called his "brain trust." These ways we use the word “brain” allmake sense. But other ways we use the word are not so easy to understand. For example, to tease is to make fun of someone. But a brainteaser is not onewho makes fun of someone else’s brain. A brainteaser is a riddle or puzzle that makes you think. Here is a funbrainteaser: What can go all around the world but still stays in one corner? The answer – a stamp! You can share that brainteaser with your friends. To understand the next brain expressionyou first need to know the word “drain.” As a verb, to drain means to removesomething by letting it flow away. So, a brain drain may sound like a diseasewhere the brain flows out the ears. But, brain drain is when a country’s mosteducated people leave their countries to live in another. The brains are, sort of, draining out of the country. Next, we have a brainchild. A brainchildsounds like a really smart kid. But it isn’t. A brainchild is an idea that one has withoutany help from others. If you have a reallygreat idea, it is your brainchild – no oneelse’s. However, if many people are responsiblefor a great idea, you could say theybrainstormed it. Here, brainstorm is not an act of weather. It is a process of thinking creatively about a complex topic. For example, business leaders may usebrainstorming to create new products, and government leaders may brainstormto solve problems. But if you can’t find a solution to a problem, or if you can’t even rememberwhat the problem is, you may have to rackyour brains. This expression means to think very hard about something. To pick someone’s brain is quitedifferent. For example, if you meetsomeone who knows a lot about a subjectyou like, you may want to pick his brain to learn more. But do not mix these expressions up! Youcannot rack someone else’s brain or pickyour own. Now, if people are brainwashed it doesnot mean their brains are nice and clean. To brainwash means to make someoneaccept new beliefs by using repeatedpressure in a forceful or tricky way. Keepin mind that brainwash is never used in a positive way. And that’s all for this week’s Words and Their Stories. If you have Words and Their Stories on the brain that means youcannot stop thinking about it. Don’t worry. There are more shows on our website.
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