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有时我喜欢安静,有时我喜欢热闹。 有时我喜欢加入人群,有时我喜欢远离他们,独自呆着。 冬天我渴望阳光,夏天我盼望下雪。 春去秋来,不变的是我的学术信仰、志向和兴趣。一直思考着:什么是语用?为什么要研究语用?怎样研究语用?研究语用需要具备哪些素质?谁在研究语用?语用研究的走势如何?存在哪些问题?等等。 我深信“宁静”方可“致远”的道理,努力走向这种境界。 求学、求真的路上,深深领悟到过程决定结果,过程大于结果,远远大于结果。

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mortgage and other "death" words   

2016-02-02 03:15:18|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Mortgage And Other 'Death' Words Part of the “American Dream” is to own a home. Many Americans borrow moneywhen they buy a home. They use a mortgage loan, known simply as a mortgage, to help pay for the property. To get the money, the buyer signs an agreement with a bank or loan company. The borrower promises to pay back the money, plus interest, over a period of years. The word “mortgage” comes from two OldFrench words. Mort means dead and gagemeans to promise or pledge. Combine the two terms and you get “death pledge.” Perhaps this deadly sounding name is whymany people are afraid to buy a house, and choose to rent one instead. Becauseof the word’s French roots, we do not pronounce the letter “t” in mortgage. The second half of the word, gage, is partof another useful word - engage. Engagehas many meanings. You can enter into battle with, or engage, your enemy. You can engage, or ask, someone to work for you. If you are engaged in a business, you’ve been takingpart in it or doing it. To engage also means to hold someone’s attention. If you have an engagingspeaking style, you can hold the attentionof others -- or engage them -- for a longtime. An engagement can be a single promiseto be some place at a given time. For example, “He has an engagement this evening and won’t be able to make it.” Or an engagement can be a serious promiseto marry someone. You can say, “The couple got engaged two years ago, whichmakes it a really long engagement!" But let’s leave the happy thoughts of marriage and get back to death. The French term “mort” gives a deathlymeaning to other English words – wordslike mortal, mortality, mortician and mortuary. As a noun, mortal means a human being. But as an adjective, mortal meanssomething or someone is subject to death. All mortal creatures will die. Mortal canalso describe something or someonebelonging to this world. Many religious people believe that whenwe die, we simply leave our mortal life -- or life on this world -- for an afterlife. Something that does not die is immortal. Clergymen or other religious leaders oftenpray for a person’s “immortal soul.” Mortal can also be used for something or someone with the ability to cause death. For example, someone who is your mortalenemy may want to kill you or they justmay never give up in the fight against you. In battle, if you suffer a mortal wound, you are likely to die from it. Mortal combat means a fight to the death. Thesethree are all common word combinationsusing the word “mortal.” On the lighter side is the word “mortified.” When you are mortified, you feel soembarrassed or foolish that you want to die -- but not really. We often use mortifiedin situations that are not very serious. Being a mortician, however, can be serious business. A mortician preparesdead people for burial. They also can helpplan and organize funerals. The wordmortician is a combination of mortuary, a place in which dead bodies are kept, and the suffix –ician, as in physician. And that’s Words and Their Stories from VOA Learning English.
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