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Pragmatics 语用学

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有时我喜欢安静,有时我喜欢热闹。 有时我喜欢加入人群,有时我喜欢远离他们,独自呆着。 冬天我渴望阳光,夏天我盼望下雪。 春去秋来,不变的是我的学术信仰、志向和兴趣。一直思考着:什么是语用?为什么要研究语用?怎样研究语用?研究语用需要具备哪些素质?谁在研究语用?语用研究的走势如何?存在哪些问题?等等。 我深信“宁静”方可“致远”的道理,努力走向这种境界。 求学、求真的路上,深深领悟到过程决定结果,过程大于结果,远远大于结果。

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一句话读懂Journal of Pragmatics 10月份论文 2015-09-30 语言学读书笔记 一句话读懂Journal of Pragmatics 10月份论文 最新的Journal of Pragmatics 出炉啦,快来感受下研究的最前沿吧! 1 Pragmatic presupposition in Chinese categorization: A figure–ground angle of radicals’ roles in Shuowen Jiezi By Xuanwei Peng ↑ Highlights 1) Elaboration of the notion Lexical Presupposition (LP) by propositional analogy. 2)LP by ostensive inference in radicals in derivative categorizations in Shuowen. 3)LP with assertion feature (LA): ‘there is LP’ and ‘LP have/be/do LA’, or LA (LP). 4)Three general types and their sub-types of LP. 5) LP system with the majority as metaphors in categorization. 2 Thinking about embedded metaphors By Malcolm Keating ↑ Highlights 1) Non-cognitivist truth conditions for indirect reports of metaphor are analyzed. 2)Non-cognitivist truth conditions do not adequately reflect context-sensitivity. 3) Adequate accounts of metaphor must explain context-sensitivity. 3 Utterance-final -ketun in spoken Korean: A particle for managing information structure in discourse By Ahrim Kim ↑ Highlights 1) -Ketun manages the information flow in the discourse in spoken Korean. 2)-Ketun construes a pragmatic assertion as a pragmatic presupposition. 3)It explicitly signals the speaker's attention to the hearer's state of knowledge. 4)Its basic function can be extended for use in politeness/impoliteness strategies. 4 From obscure echo to language of the heart: Multilinguals’ language choices for (emotional) inner speech By Jean-Marc Dewaele ↑ Highlights 1)L1 is generally preferred for inner speech and for inner emotional speech. 2)LX can take over -or share- the role of the L1 in inner (emotional) speech. 3)LX is used less frequently for emotional inner speech than for inner speech. 4)LX use is linked to proficiency, general use, socialization. 5)LX use is linked to context of acquisition, perceived emotionality and age of onset. 5 The meaning and interpretation of the Serbian discourse marker BRE By Mirjana Mi?kovi?-Lukovi?, Mirjana N. Dedai?, Vladimir Polomac ↑ Highlights 1)The word bre is a Balkanism of an undetermined origin (Turkish or Greek). 2)Due to its frequency, Bre is regarded as a prominently Serbian linguistic marker. 3)Bre semantically encodes the procedural type of meaning. 4)Bre pragmatically indicates the formation of a higher-level explicature. 5)Bre is a discourse marker of interpretive, echoic, language use. 6 Innocent implicatures By Alexander Dinges ↑ Highlights 1)I defend the view that some implicatures do not involve maxim violations. 2)They are inferred when one infers speaker beliefs one doesn’t share. 3)I clarify Grice and Levinson's views to make room for such implicatures. 4)This includes a clarification of the maxim of Relation. 5)It also includes a clarified account of cases where maxims clash. 7 In your dreams: Flouting Quality II By Muffy E.A. Siegel ↑ Highlights 1)Denials like “In your dreams” differ from ordinary, affirmative uses of the same words. 2)Locations involved are inaccessible, so speakers flout Quality Maxim II (evidence). 3)Quality II flouting explains the implicated denials and their unusual behavior in a principled way. 4)Quality II flouting is rare, but we can flout any maxim to implicate that maxim's earlier violation. 5)Implicature and literal content swap roles: denial becomes at-issue; literal content, not. 8 Discourse constraints on prosodic marking in lexical replacement repair By Leendert Plug ↑ Highlights 1) investigate prosodic marking in lexical replacement repair. 2) use discourse analysis to identify contexts in which marking is favoured. 3) highlight the relevance of discourse coherence and epistemics for marking. 4) explore the empirical grounds for proposals regarding the function of marking. 9 Short replies in Italian: Sì / no and other markers between polarity and agreement By Cecilia Andorno, Fabiana Rosi ↑ Highlights 1) We investigated the use of Italian sì / no in a corpus of replies to negative questions and assertions. 2) Italian no is sometimes used to encode disagreement in positive replies. 3) Italian sì is rarely used to encode agreement in negative replies. 4) In dispreferred (rejecting) replies sì / no may loose their primary value of polarity particles to encode disagreement. 5) Rejecting replies in Italian often make use of verbal echoes. 10 Beyond sarcasm: The metalanguage and structures of mock politeness By Charlotte Taylor ↑ Highlights 1) Previous research into mock politeness is synthesised and used to argue that mock politeness should not be equated with sarcasm. 2) A first-order metalanguage approach is used to investigate how people talk about and perform mock politeness. 3) The first-order metalanguage used for referring to mock politeness is presented. 4) The range of structures for realising mock politeness in everyday interactions are described. 11 Whether or not multiple occurrences of ziji can take distinct antecedents: A deictic perspective By Xiaolong Yang, Yicheng Wu ↑ Highlights 1) Multiple zijis in a single clause are shown to take one and the same antecedent. 2) The so-called blocking effect induced by a third-person NP is proved not to exist. 3) The Perspective-Center determines that all zijis should be bound by the same antecedent. 12 Topics and topic prominence in two sign languages By Vadim Kimmelman ↑ Highlights 1) We analyzed topics in two sign languages based on corpus data. 2) Topics can be marked syntactically and prosodically (including non-manual markers). 3) Topic marking and marking of thetic sentences is optional. 4) The languages cannot be considered topic prominent. 13 Turn order and turn distribution in multi-party storytelling By Christoph Rühlemann, Stefan Gries ↑ Highlights 1) We examine turn order and distribution in multi-party narrative. 2) We examine how turntaking styles influence narrative turntaking. 3) Turntaking styles have little impact on turntaking in narrative. 4) The N-notN-N turn order pattern is the default pattern in storytelling. 5) This finding is strong evidence of the dyadic bias in conversation. 6) We note the possibility of a turntaking -system for recipients. 语言学读书笔记 软文、 干货、 鸡汤、 想要什么,给你什么! 微信号:lingnote1234 Pageview 2842Report
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