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有时我喜欢安静,有时我喜欢热闹。 有时我喜欢加入人群,有时我喜欢远离他们,独自呆着。 冬天我渴望阳光,夏天我盼望下雪。 春去秋来,不变的是我的学术信仰、志向和兴趣。一直思考着:什么是语用?为什么要研究语用?怎样研究语用?研究语用需要具备哪些素质?谁在研究语用?语用研究的走势如何?存在哪些问题?等等。 我深信“宁静”方可“致远”的道理,努力走向这种境界。 求学、求真的路上,深深领悟到过程决定结果,过程大于结果,远远大于结果。

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TOP 10 Hottest Articles(SSCI) · Lingua    

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TOP 10 Hottest Articles(SSCI) · Lingua 原创 2015-10-19 高教社外语 高教社外语 高教社外语近期推出“TOP 10 Hottest Articles”系列,主要是针对外语领域的SSCI来源检索期刊,每期选择一种期刊,列出最热门的10篇学术论文(数据来源于Science Direct及Taylor & Francis等数据库),包括摘要和关键词。欢迎各位外语教师、外语研究者及外语学习者订阅"高教社外语"微信公众号并持续关注。本期为您送上TOP 10 Hottest Articles of Lingua in 2014. 1. Problems of projection Lingua, Volume 130, June 2013, Pages 33–49 Chomsky, Noam Abstract: With the crystallization of the “generative enterprise” half a century ago, two concepts became salient: the initial state and final states of the language faculty, respectively, UG (the genetic component) and I-languages. Since then inquiry has gained far greater scope and depth. It has also led to sharpening of fundamental principles of language. At first, descriptive adequacy appeared to require rich and complex assumptions about UG. A primary goal has always been to overcome this deficiency. Core properties of concern have included compositionality, order, projection (labeling), and displacement. Early work assigned the first three to phrase structure rules and the last to the transformational component. Simplification of computational procedures suggests that compositionality and displacement (along with the “copy theory”) fall together while order may be a reflex of sensorimotor externalization, conclusions that have far-reaching consequences. As for labeling, minimal computation restricts options to the few that have considerable empirical support. Keywords Syntax; Minimal computation; Merge; Labeling algorithm; Minimal search 2. Verbal argument structure: Events and participants Lingua, Volume 130, June 2013, Pages 152–168 Marantz, Alec Abstract: The generative enterprise in linguistics is roughly 50 years old, and it is reasonable to ask what progress the field has made in certain areas over the past five decades. This article will address the study of verbal argument structure. Research in generative linguistics without question has productively explored verbal argument structure within a general structuralist framework familiar from anthropology and the humanities, uncovering patterns and correlations across languages in the syntactic distribution and behavior of verbal arguments identified by their semantic roles, and providing structured explanations that capture these patterns in a compact and intuitively explanatory way. But this article will ask whether progress has been made in a different sense – toward a scientific understanding of language. In other words, has the generative enterprise made good on its promise to break from the structuralist anthropological tradition (0415 and 0045) and provide an account of argument structure within a general account of knowledge of language. If such progress has been made, we could argue that researchers in human psychology and neuroscience must take note of the latest theory of argument structure to inform their experiments, not just any account that traffics in thematic roles, word order, and case marking. Highlights ? Syntax is a reflection of a structured representation of meaning. ? Basic principles relating verb meaning to syntactic structure transcend the idiosyncracies of individual lexical items. ? The core structure of a verb phrase consists of a verbal head (“little v”) and a root, the latter modifying the semantic structure built by syntax. Keywords Argument structure; Theta roles; Event structure 3. The syntax-semantics interface Lingua, Volume 130, June 2013, Pages 66–87 Hackl, Martin Abstract: The study of the syntax–semantics interface is concerned with linguistic phenomena that are the product of interactions between principles of syntactic organization and principles of semantic interpretation. Such interactions abound in natural language and can be found in all subsystems of the grammar. This paper examines a particular subclass of such phenomena revolving around quantificational expressions. The central concern of the discussion are the grammatical mechanisms that mediate between the syntactic position a quantifier appears in and the semantic import it has on the sentence meaning. Of particular interest are cases where a quantifier is interpreted in a position that is different from the position it seems to occupy in the syntax. A leading hypothesis to explain cases of this sort, which exemplify a general property of natural language called displacement, is that they are the product of overt or covert movement operations. Empirical support for this approach is presented in the form of correlations between three grammatical phenomena – Quantifier Scope, Antecedent Contained Deletion, and Extraposition – which receive a uniform account under the above hypothesis. Keywords Syntax–semantics interface; Logical form; Quantification; ACD; Extraposition 4. Hearing versus listening: Attention to speech and its role in language acquisition in deaf infants with cochlear implants Lingua, Volume 139, January 2014, Pages 10–25 Houston, Derek M.; Bergeson, Tonya R. Abstract: The advent of cochlear implantation has provided thousands of deaf infants and children access to speech and the opportunity to learn spoken language. Whether or not deaf infants successfully learn spoken language after implantation may depend in part on the extent to which they listen to speech rather than just hear it. We explore this question by examining the role that attention to speech plays in early language development according to a prominent model of infant speech perception – Jusczyk's WRAPSA model – and by reviewing the kinds of speech input that maintains normal-hearing infants’ attention. We then review recent findings suggesting that cochlear-implanted infants’ attention to speech is reduced compared to normal-hearing infants and that speech input to these infants differs from input to infants with normal hearing. Finally, we discuss possible roles attention to speech may play on deaf children's language acquisition after cochlear implantation in light of these findings and predictions from Jusczyk's WRAPSA model. Keywords Attention; Cochlear implants; Deafness; Infant-directed speech; Infants; Speech perception 5. Syntactic variations in Chinese-English code-switching Lingua, Volume 123, January 2013, Pages 58–73 Wang, Lin; Liu, Haitao Abstract: Based on a Chinese–English code-mixed treebank, this paper reports the probable syntactic consequences of code-switching. Compared with monolingual Chinese and English corpora, in the mixed corpus there are syntactic variations: variation in dependency distances and word-order variation in dependency direction. In the mixed corpus, there are two types of dependencies: monolingual and mixed dependencies. Mixed dependencies present longer dependency distances than monolingual ones. Major grammatical relations (subject, object, attribute and adverbial) and certain properties of code-switching (peripherality, flagging and dislocation) contribute to the variability of dependency distances. It is the distributions of major grammatical relations with different dependency directions in monolingual and mixed dependencies that cause the word-order variation. Highlights ? In the mixed code-switching corpus, there are syntactic variations. ? Mixed dependencies present longer dependency distances than monolingual ones. ? Major grammatical relations contribute to the variability of dependency distances. ? Different dependency directions cause the word-order variation. Keywords Code-switching; Syntactic variation; Chinese; English; Treebank; Dependency distance; Word-order 6. The syntax-morphology relation Lingua, Volume 130, June 2013, Pages 111–131 Holmberg, Anders; Roberts, Ian Abstract: We review and discuss some issues to do with the relation between morphology and syntax which have played a prominent part in generative linguistic research in the past three decades. Focusing on verbal inflection, we first discuss the relation between inflection and verb placement, with special attention given to verb-initial languages. We then discuss the relation between pro-drop and agreement, where we articulate a partly new understanding of Huang's (1989) generalization that pro-drop is characteristic of languages with rich agreement and languages with no agreement, but not languages that are in-between. We then present and discuss the Mirror Principle, one of the most significant findings in recent linguistic research. We pay special attention to the Mirror Principle as it applies in head-final languages, in the context of a model adopting Kayne's (1994) Linear Correspondence Axiom. The idea is to show how fairly complex aspects of clausal syntax, including word order and the possibility of phonetically silent arguments of a predicate, may be correlated with readily observable and, in themselves, rather simple properties of verbal inflection, and to show how, given a restrictive theory of Universal Grammar, this follows from the fact that inflections are syntactic categories, albeit realized as parts of words. Highlights ? Inflections are syntactic categories. ? Inflected words are products of the same operations that derive phrases and sentences. ? There is a tight relation between the structure of words and the structure of sentences. Keywords Syntax; Morphology; Inflection; Typology; Word order; Null subjects 7. Cognition, universal grammar, and typological generalizations Lingua, Volume 130, June 2013, Pages 50–65 Cinque, Guglielmo Abstract: We consider here two potential arguments for Universal Grammar other than that based on poverty of the stimulus. One stems from the limited number of notions that are grammatically encoded in the languages of the world. The other rests on the fact that of all mathematically possible orders of constituents only a subset is actually attested. Neither limitation appears to follow naturally from cognitive, historical, cultural, processing, or other factors; which makes it plausible to think of them as forced upon us by Universal Grammar, perhaps as a consequence of how it crystallized at some distant point of the evolution of our species. Keywords Universal grammar; Typology; Cognition; Grammatical encoding; Word order 8. Discourse markers Lingua, Volume 107, Issues 3–4, April 1999, Pages 227–265 Schourup, Lawrence Abstract: A rapidly expanding body of research deals with a functionally related class of connective expressions commony referred to as discourse markers. The items typically treated in this research include non-truth-conditional uses of forms such as English well, so, and now. While it is widely agreed that such expressions play a variety of important roles in utterance interpretation, there is disagreement in regard to such fundamental issues as how the discourse marker class should be delimited, whether the items in question comprise a unified grammatical category, what type of meaning they express, and the sense in which such expressions may be said to relate elements of discourse. This paper reviews the principal issues in this research area with reference to several prominent frameworks in which discourse markers and closely related items have been studied. Keywords Discourse markers; Discourse particles; Pragmatics; Connectives 9. On agreement and its relationship to case: Some generative ideas and results Lingua, Volume 130, June 2013, Pages 14–32 Baker, Mark C. Abstract: This article surveys some leading generative ideas about agreement and case, and connects them to several universal and near-universal observations noted by typologists. It begins with the familiar fact that adjectives can agree with noun phrases in number and gender but not in person, whereas verbs can agree in person as well—depending on the structure. From there it moves to the fact that verbs typically do not agree with their objects unless they also agree with their subjects. Several possible types of agreement with objects are then identified and distinguished, and some substantive similarities between object agreement and subject agreement are noted. It is shown that both subject agreement and object agreement are sensitive to the case morphology borne by the noun phrase (dative versus accusative, ergative versus nominative) in some languages but not in others, and the implications of this result for the assignment of case are considered. In all, the discussion covers four known linguistic universals in the area of agreement and case, and proposes three new ones. These are all explained in terms of two universal properties of the agreement relation and one parameter. Highlights ? Four universals of agreement are explained with two principles and one parameter. ? Three new universals of agreement and case are proposed. ? The same theory covers agreement with subjects, objects, verbs, and adjectives. ? Leading generative ideas about agreement and case are presented and justified. Keywords Agreement; Morphological case; Linguistic universals; Typology; Generative grammar 10. Mild-to-moderate hearing loss and language impairment: How are they linked? Lingua, Volume 139, January 2014, Pages 80–101 Tuller, L.; Delage, H. Abstract: What is the nature of the link between prelingual mild-to-moderate hearing loss (MMHL) and impaired language in children and adolescents? Although the scientific literature is sparse, it is clear that many experience considerable difficulty acquiring language, and that this difficulty is not limited to phonetic form. We report on a series of studies we have conducted involving a number of French-speaking children and adolescents (N > 80) aged 6–16, all of whom have bilateral sensorineural, prelingual hearing loss. Using a variety of methodologies to test a wide range of language skills, we have found that morphosyntactic development in children with MMHL is highly likely to be impaired, that it is often very severely impaired, and that difficulties continue into adolescence. Comparisons with other contexts of atypical acquisition of French, both with pathology (SLI, epilepsy) and without pathology (second language acquisition) show that aspects of morphosyntax which are subject to difficulty are not specific to the context of hearing loss. Although there is some evidence for correlations with degree of hearing loss, these are not regular and do not predict morphosyntactic performance: the link between hearing loss and language impairment is indirect. It is suggested that this link might be mediated by working memory and auditory attention, which could thus be explored as a plausible avenue for finding an explanation for the heterogeneity in language performance observed in individuals with MMHL. Keywords Mild-to-moderate hearing loss; Acquisition; Morphosyntax; French 往期回顾: Top 10 Hottest Articles(SSCI) · Teaching and Teacher Education 欢迎分享 喜欢点赞 Welcome Pageview 192620Report
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