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proper nouns   

2016-03-17 06:30:48|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Proper nouns 2015-05-06 XXECC Proper Nouns Your name is a proper noun. A proper noun is the special word that we use for a person, place or organization, like Aftab, Cherry, China, Nanjing or Perlong. A name is a noun, but a very special noun - a proper noun. Proper nouns have special rules. common noun proper noun man, boy Aftab woman, girl Cherry country, town China, Nanjing company Ford, Perlong shop, restaurant Maceys, McDonalds month, day of the week January, Sunday book, film War and Peace, Titanic In this lesson we look at the uses of proper nouns: Capital Letters with Proper Nouns RULE: We always use a Capital Letter for the first letter of a name or proper noun. This includes names of people, places, companies, days of the week and months. For example: They like Aftab. (not They like aftab.) I live in China. She works for Perlong. The last day in January is a Monday. We saw Titanic in the Odeon Cinema. Tip: In normal grammatical writing, there are NO exceptions to this rule. Sometimes, however, for stylistic reasons, people may choose to ignore the rule to give their writing a unique or "modern" look. This is typically seen in advertisements or company logos. For correct writing, and especially in exams, we recommend that you observe the rule without fail. Proper Nouns without THE We do not use "the" with names of people. For example: first names Bill (not the Bill) Hilary surnames Clinton Gates full names Hilary Gates We do not normally use "the" with names of companies. For example: Perlong, Ford, Sony, Xuexi English (not the Xuexi English) General Motors, Air France, British Airways Warner Brothers, Brown & Son Ltd If the full (registered) name of a company starts with "The", then we use "The" if we use the full name, for example: The Post Publishing Public Co., Ltd In this case, "The" is part of the company's name and must be capitalised, like all names. We do not normally use "the" for shops, banks, hotels etc named after a founder or other person (with -'s or -s). For example: shops Harrods, Marks & Spencer, Maceys banks Barclays Bank hotels, restaurants Steve's Hotel, Joe's Cafe, McDonalds churches, cathedrals St John's Church, St Peter's Cathedral We do not normally use "the" with names of places. For example: towns Washington (not The Washington), Paris, Tokyo states, regions Texas, Kent, Eastern Europe countries England, Italy, Brazil continents Asia, Europe, North America islands Corsica mountains Everest Exception! If a country name includes "States","Kingdom", "Republic" etc, we use "the": states the United States, the US, the United States of America, the USA kingdom the United Kingdom, the UK republic the French Republic We do not use "the" with "President/Doctor/Mr etc + Name": the president, the king President Bush (not the President Bush) the captain, the detective Captain Kirk, Detective Colombo the doctor, the professor Doctor Well, Dr Well, Professor Dolittle my uncle, your aunt Uncle Jack, Aunt Jill Mr Gates (not the Mr Gates), Mrs Clinton, Miss Black Look at these example sentences: I wanted to speak to the doctor. I wanted to speak to Doctor Brown. Who was the president before President Kennedy? We do not use "the" with "Lake/Mount + Name": the lake Lake Victoria the mount Mount Everest Look at this example sentence: We live beside Lake Victoria. We have a fantastic view across the lake. We do not normally use "the" for roads, streets, squares, parks etc: streets etc Oxford Street, Trenholme Road, Fifth Avenue squares etc Trafalgar Square, Oundle Place, Piccadilly Circus parks etc Central Park, Kew Gardens Many big, important buildings have names made of two words (for example, Kennedy Airport). If the first word is the name of a person or place, we do not normally use "the": people Kennedy Airport, Alexander Palace, St Paul's Cathedral places Heathrow Airport, Waterloo Station, Edinburgh Castle Proper Nouns with THE We normally use "the" for country names that include "States","Kingdom", "Republic" etc: States the United States of America/the USA Kingdom the United Kingdom/the UK Republic the French Republic We normally use "the" for names of canals, rivers, seas and oceans: canals the Suez Canal rivers the River Nile, the Nile seas the Mediterranean Sea, the Mediterranean oceans the Pacific Ocean, the Pacific We normally use "the" for plural names of people and places: people (families, for example) the Clintons countries the Philippines, the United States island groups the Virgin Islands, the British Isles mountain ranges the Himalayas, the Alps Look at these sentences: I saw the Clintons today. It was Bill's birthday. Trinidad is the largest island in the West Indies. Mount Everest is in the Himalayas. We normally use "the" with the following sorts of names: hotels, restaurants the Ritz Hotel, the Peking Restaurant banks the National Westminster Bank cinemas, theatres the Royal Theatre, the ABC Cinema museums the British Museum, the National Gallery buildings the White House, the Crystal Palace newspapers the Daily Telegraph, the Sunday Post organisations the United Nations, the BBC, the European Union We normally use "the" for names made with "of": the Tower of London the Gulf of Siam the Tropic of Cancer the London School of Economics the Bank of France the Statue of Liberty For more information and to plactice your oral English with foreigner friends by phone calls, Contact: Miss Fariha WeChat: xxecc1, Aftab Ashraf WeChat: aftabcity42 QQ: 2718316089 Please share our contents on your moments or in private messages with friends to help them in improving grammar and rules of English language. we would appreciate your refral followers... 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