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Body Language Can Help With Public Speaking   

2016-07-18 15:57:39|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Body Language Can Help With Public Speaking Some call this body language. CharlesLeBeau is a professor of public speakingand has written several books about howto do it well. Mr. LeBeau tells VOA that body languageincludes posture, eye contact and gestures - how you move your hands or arms. “For the physical message, a lot of non-native presenters are going to haveproblems with posture, and eye contact, and gestures. I think a lot of this comesfrom nervousness. "Not only are they nervous becausethey’re doing a presentation, but in addition to that they’re really nervousbecause of their English, and their lack of confidence, lack of experience in theirEnglish, they’re trying to figure out the grammar, what I want to say, and they’re having all kinds of difficulty doing that, and also controlling their body.” We have all seen nervous presenters in classrooms and meetings. One effect of being nervous is moving from side to side. A presenter does not need to standperfectly still. In fact an audience can loseinterest in a speaker who does not move. How a speaker moves is important. Whole-body movement should be slowand planned to command attention. Suchmovement helps to communicateconfidence. New public speakers know that theyshould look at the audience while theyspeak. But they look at their notes on a paper or at the screen if they have an electronic presentation. Speaker Demonstrating Good Eye Contact When Speaking “With posture, the typical problem that I see is that they are often moving back and forth, and they’re not facing the audience. They’ll often be facing the white board or the screen with slides and be talking to that rather than talking to the audience. "Same thing with eye contact – they find it really, really difficult - some of them find it really difficult - making eye contact withthe audience, because they’ll be looking at their notes, they’ll be looking at theircomputer, they’ll be looking at the screen, they will be looking at the floor. The problem of having notes, and trying to talkfrom notes , often is a big problem. Sothey have trouble with eye contact.” Charles LeBeau says the best way to avoid this problem is to use images and few words for notes instead of sentences. The image should help communicate the point you want to make. Writing a fewwords with the image on your slide helpsyou remember that point. Then you canlook at the audience while speaking. “Another problem I’ve noticed is oftentimesthere’ll be a lot of sentences or words on the slides and no images. So I think the key is if they can figure out what images to use that will communicate their message, because the images will communicatefaster and more clearly than words.” Holding on to notes also makes it moredifficult for a speaker to gesture naturally. Mr. LeBeau’s book, “Speaking of Speech,” discusses this. He says gestures shouldsupport the point the speaker is making. For example, when talking about threeideas, hold up three fingers to introducethem. Then hold up one finger whileexplaining the first idea, two fingers for the second, and so on. Other experts advise moving your body to a different place for each idea. Stay in place until you finish making that point. Then move to the next place on the stageor in the room. Mr. LeBeau says a good way to changeyour body language is to make a video of your presentation and watch yourself. This helps you to become aware of what youneed to change. “I find often times, the gestures don’t looknatural. They are poorly delivered, or theyare just nonexistent. Students can videothemselves, and then look at it, they canclearly see: “Oh, My! I had no idea that I looked like that! My posture! I’m moving allover the place. Look at my hips. It’s goingback and forth and back and forth. "And my eye contact! All of these othergoofy things that I’m doing withoutnoticing it, or thinking that ‘well, it’s not such a big deal.’ But if I can see it I canrealize oh, ‘ok, I see, I see, I see what I’m doing.’ I think that helps them changemore quickly. So they can do theirpresentation again, and work on changing, then they can compare, and they can seethat they can make quick improvement.” An important part of public speaking is practice. When you practice rememberthese important tips: Be aware of yourposture, eye contact, and gestures. Record yourself using a phone, tablet, or camera. Watch yourself and plan what youwill do to improve. Look for opportunities to speak and gainmore confidence. Mr. LeBeau says hisstudents find the physical message the easiest thing to change in order to becomea better presenter. “The first thing that we deal with is the physical message. And the reason we dothat is so students can have a real positiveexperience really quickly. You know, I looked like this in the beginning and now, after one day, or a couple of classes, nowI look like this - I do look much better! "I think it helps them feel more positiveabout the experience. It helps them seethat ‘yes, I can do this, I can lookconfident.’ So, I think that it’s the easiest to change, and maybe the most importantthing to deal with first.” In our next Speaking Tips, we will look at the visual message, the visual aids youshow the audience, and the story message, how to organize the ideas youpresent. Words in this Story posture - n. the way in which your body is positioned when you are sitting or standing eye contact - n. a situation in which twopeople are looking directly into eachother's eyes gesture - n. a movement of your body(especially of your hands and arms) that shows or emphasizes an idea or a feeling nervousness - n. having or showingfeelings of being worried and afraid aboutwhat might happen confidence - n. a feeling or belief that youcan do something well or succeed at something stage - n. a raised platform in a theater, auditorium, etc., where the performersstand aware - adj. knowing that something (suchas a situation, condition, or problem) exists opportunity – n. an amount of time or a situation in which something can be done
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