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有时我喜欢安静,有时我喜欢热闹。 有时我喜欢加入人群,有时我喜欢远离他们,独自呆着。 冬天我渴望阳光,夏天我盼望下雪。 春去秋来,不变的是我的学术信仰、志向和兴趣。一直思考着:什么是语用?为什么要研究语用?怎样研究语用?研究语用需要具备哪些素质?谁在研究语用?语用研究的走势如何?存在哪些问题?等等。 我深信“宁静”方可“致远”的道理,努力走向这种境界。 求学、求真的路上,深深领悟到过程决定结果,过程大于结果,远远大于结果。

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TOEFL, IELTS, Or TOEIC? Comparing The Tests   

2016-09-13 19:38:35|  分类: 教育哲学edu phil |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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TOEFL, IELTS, Or TOEIC? Comparing The Tests In most cases, the choice is clear. A student applying to a school learns whichtest the program requires. However, someprograms or universities will accept scoresfrom any of the international tests of English. Then, a student may choosewhich test to take. The TOEIC tests workplacecommunication The Educational Testing Service, ETS, in Princeton, New Jersey, develops and administers both the TOEFL and the TOEIC. It says the TOEIC measures the everyday English skills of people workingin an international environment. The TOEIC test started in the 1970s. The Japanese Ministry of International Tradeand Industry asked ETS to develop a testfor corporations to use. They wanted to know if non-native English speakers couldcarry out business in English. The TOEIC is based on English used in the workplace. But the test does not require knowledge of special businesswords. The questions come from realsituations like attending a companymeeting. Organizations sometimes use the TOEICto measure progress in English trainingprograms. They also use it to considerpeople for placement at the right level in language programs. ETS says that 14,000 organizations in 150 countries use the TOEIC. The TOEFL tests English used in the classroom There are several versions of the TOEFL. Students take the Internet-based TOEFL, or TOEFL IBT, on a computer. Many U.S. universities require the TOEFL IBT for international student admissions. Another TOEFL is the paper-basedTOEFL, or TOEFL ITP. It is part of ETS’s institutional testing program. TOEFL ITP is used within institutions for the purpose of placement or to evaluate progress of students. It is not accepted for entrance to universities. For young English learners, there are twonew TOEFL tests. The TOEFL Junior Testis for young people between 11 and 15 years old. And the TOEFL Primary Test is for those over the age of eight. IELTS tests academic and generallanguage skills The IELTS has two forms. The Listeningand Speaking sections are the same for both forms. In the Reading and Writingsections, however, there are two differenttests. The Academic IELTS uses topics and materials covered in undergraduate, graduate, or professional programs. The General IELTS uses topics and material from everyday books, newspapers and magazines. A student's view of the tests Triwik Kurniasari is a graduate student at an American university. She has takenboth the IBT and ITP forms of the TOEFLand the IELTS. She says the paper-based, or institutionaltest, the TOEFL ITP, is easier. The ITP is similar to the multiple-choice testsstudents usually take. A major difference between the TOEFLIBT and the IELTS is in the Speakingsection. On the IELTS, you have a face-to-face interview with a certified examiner. On the TOEFL IBT, you listen to a situation and record your response usinga computer. Ms. Kurniasari explains why the computer-based Speaking section of the TOEFL IBTwas difficult for her. "For the TOEFL IBT, it's more challengingbecause I have to speak with a computer, basically, and I didn't get the meet the realperson who talked with me. I rememberthere were twenty or thirty people in the room. The hardest part is the speakingtest because when I was about to speak, and the person next to me also started to speak, then somehow I lost concentrationbecause I could hear what she or he saidduring the speaking test." On the other hand, talking to a real personone-on-one during the IELTS was easierfor Ms. Kurniasari. "For the ILETS test, it requires a speakingtest, but I get to meet the real person. It was just like a regular conversation so it's much more comfortable and easier for mebecause I got to meet the person face to face, so I think the TOEFL IBT is muchmore challenging." Listening and responding to classdiscussions Another difference between the TOEFLIBT and IELTS is the Listening section. The IELTS Listening section has fourrecorded monologues or conversations. The TOEFL IBT has classroom lectures by teachers and class discussions by students. Ms. Kurniasari finds the TOEFL IBTclassroom lectures and discussions harderto follow. "Sometimes they use idioms too, to sharetheir ideas or thoughts and we really haveto know the meaning of the idioms. I thinkthe TOEFL IBT is much more difficult thanIELTS, especially the class discussion and when the lecturer explains the lesson in a class.” Her advice is to focus and take notes as much as possible. "We have to really concentrate, focus, of course we can take notes, but somehowit's just too fast, and somehow you cannotreally memorize the things that they'vesaid." Prepare well in advance of the test Triwik Kurniasari’s strategy for success is to study, study and study. “If you want to take any kind of test, makesure that you have enough time to preparefor it. I usually try to prepare myself at least two months prior to the test just to allow myself to get used to the test and to study for the test.” She also recommends using books ratherthan free online test materials. Aftergetting a low score the first time she tookthe TOEFL IBT, she spent the money on study books for the tests. “I decided to study harder and buy somebooks, even though they're expensive but since I wanted to get good scores… For me, books are much more effective thanstudying for instance, from samples on the Internet, because with the books I can go back and forth and take some notes.” To practice for the Listening sections of the tests, she says students should listen to native speakers from more than onecountry. "For listening try to listen to nativespeakers speaking on the radio, TV, on VOA, of course. I think the hardest partabout IELTS is the accent because theyuse mostly British accent. I need to getused to the British accent. Sometimes theyuse Australian accent. And I'm not reallyfamiliar with the Australian accent." Finally, our student's last word of advice is one that your mother would probably giveyou – be rested and well fed. "During the test you need to focus and concentrate. Before the test, make sureyou get a good sleep. Make sure that youhave breakfast!" And that's the Education Report. Words in This Story section – n. one of the parts that formsomething response – n. something that is said or written as a reply to something challenging – adj. difficult in a way that is usually interesting or enjoyable respond – v. to say or write something as an answer to a question or request monologue – n. a long speech given by a character in a story, movie, play, etc., or by a performer concentrate – v. to think about something; to give your attention to the thing you are doing, reading, etc.
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