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有时我喜欢安静,有时我喜欢热闹。 有时我喜欢加入人群,有时我喜欢远离他们,独自呆着。 冬天我渴望阳光,夏天我盼望下雪。 春去秋来,不变的是我的学术信仰、志向和兴趣。一直思考着:什么是语用?为什么要研究语用?怎样研究语用?研究语用需要具备哪些素质?谁在研究语用?语用研究的走势如何?存在哪些问题?等等。 我深信“宁静”方可“致远”的道理,努力走向这种境界。 求学、求真的路上,深深领悟到过程决定结果,过程大于结果,远远大于结果。

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Coherence, Pseudo-Coherence, and Non-Coherence  

2017-06-23 11:06:14|  分类: 信息结构informat |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Coherence, Pseudo-Coherence, and Non-Coherence
Enkvist, Nils Erik
Analysis of the factors that make a text coherent or non-coherent suggests that total coherence requires cohesion not only on the textual surface but on the semantic level as well. Syntactic evidence of non-coherence includes lack of formal agreement blocking a potential cross-reference, anaphoric and cataphoric references that do not follow their own rules, breaches of collocational restrictions, discrepancies of polysemy or homonymy, discrepancy between referential and metalinguistic meanings, shifts in genericity, violation of normal patterns of placement of old or new information interpreted as a shift of referent, and an unmotivated shift in style. Pragmatic indications of non-coherence include a shift of referent, appearing as a time shift, and explicit or implicit contradiction. Iconic homomorphism results in pseudo-coherence. In semantic terms, a text is coherent if its sentences conform to the picture of a single possible world in the experience or imagination of the receiver, and if this pragmatic unity is signalled on the textual surface adequately for the receiver to grasp the connections. Simple mechanical linking of neighboring sentences must be supported by pragmatic coherence to result in full coherence; otherwise, the text is pseudo-coherent. (MSE)
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